Naio (Myoporum sandwicense)

Hawaiian name: Naio
Botanical name: Myoporum sandwicense
Family: Scrophulariaceae (Figwort Family)
Status: Endemic
Where found: Maui, Moloka‘i, Lāna‘i, Hawai‘i, O‘ahu, Ni‘ihau & Kaua‘i
Water/Light: Dry, with full sun exposure
Elevation range: 0 to 7,800 feet
Height: Up to 30 feet

Notes: In old Hawai‘i, naio wood (called ‘a‘aka) was used in home construction. It also made great firewood, as ‘a‘aka is long burning with a clear light. The heartwood of naio has a sandalwood scent. When ‘iliahi (sandalwood) was being cut down in great quantities during Hawai‘i’s sandalwood trade era, harvesters tried to pass naio off as genuine sandalwood. It did not fool many, and was soon rejected by importers. At that time, naio acquired the nickname, "false or bastard sandalwood." Today, this Native continues to be used in wood craft. Naio is drought, wind and salt tolerant.

From Work Done by Whit Germano to Catalog Native Hawaiian Plants
MNBG